Road Safety Manual
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9.5 References

AASHTO (2010) Highway Safety Manual Volume 1. American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, Washington D.C.

Austroads (2009) Guide to Road Safety Part 4: Local Government and Community Road Safety, Austroads, Sydney, Australia.

Austroads (2010a) Road safety on local government roads. Austroads, Sydney, Australia.

Austroads (2010b), Road safety engineering risk assessment: part 1: relationships between crash risk and the standards of geometric design elements. Austroads report AP-T146/10. Austroads, Sydney, Australia.

Beagle, A; Boyd, N; Donahue J; Milton J; van Schalkwyk I: (2015) Transforming Design Policy: A Path to Practical Design Reform., 5th International Symposium on Highway Geometric Design; Symposium Proceedings,

Ceifetz, A, Bagdade, J, Nabors, D, Sawyer, M & Eccles, K (2012), Developing Safety Plans: A Manual for Local Rural Road Owners, Federal Highway Administration, Washington D.C.

Certu, 2008, Transportation Safety in Urban Area: Methodological guide, Certu, Lyon, France.

Croft, P, Tziotis, M, Turner, B & Hughes, J, (2010) Research directions for guidelines in road safety engineering, Road Safety on Four Continents, Abu Dhabi.

CROW (2009) Road Safety Manual, CROW, EDE, The Netherlands

DTLR (2001) A road safety good practice guide for highway authorities, Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions, London, UK.

Elvik, R, (2011) Assessment and applicability of evaluation tools: Current practice in a sample of European countries and steps towards a state-of-the-art approach, Deliverables Nr 4 and 5 of the European Road Infrastructure Safety Management Evaluation Tools (RISMET) project, Eranet Roads, Leidschendam, Netherlands.

European Commission (2014), Study on the effectiveness and on the improvement of the EU legislative framework on road infrastructure safety management (Directive 2008/96/EC), European Commission, Brussels, Belgium.

GRSF (2009), Implementing the Recommendations of the World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention. Country guidelines for the Conduct of Road Safety Management Capacity Reviews and the Specification of Lead Agency Reforms, Investment Strategies and Safe System Projects, Global Road Safety Facility World Bank, Washington DC.

Harwood, D, Hutton, J, Fees, C, Bauer, K, Glen, A, & Ouren, H, 2014, Evaluation of the 13 Controlling Criteria for Geometric Design, NCHRP Report 783, Washington DC.

Jurewicz, C, (2009) STARS: a risk-based road safety tool for urban planners, Australasian Road Safety Research Policing Education Conference, Sydney, Australia.

McTiernan, D Turner, B Wernham, R & Gregory, R (2010) Local government and the Safe System approach to road safety. ARRB Group Ltd, Vermont South, Australia.

New Jersey Department of Transportation, (2012) Design exception manual, The State of New Jersey Department of Transportation, Trenton, New Jersey, available from, accessed 25 February, 2014.

NZ Ministry of Transport, (2013) Safer journeys: action plan 2013-2015, New Zealand. Ministry of Transport, Wellington, New Zealand.

OECD, (2008) Towards Zero: Achieving Ambitious Road Safety Targets Through a Safe System Approach, OECD, Paris.

PIARC (2012), Comparison of National Road Safety Policies and Plans, PIARC Technical Committee C.2 Safer Road Operations, Report 2012R31EN, The World Road Association, Paris.

Polidori, C, Cocu, X, Volckaert, A, Teichner, T, Lemke, K & Saleh, P (2012) Safety prevention manual for secondary roads’ European Commission. Available at

Queensland Department of Transport and Main Roads, (2013) Guidelines for Road Design on Brownfield Sites, State of Queensland (Department of Transport and Main Roads), Brisbane, Australia. Available from, accessed 25 February, 2014.

Rogers, L, Smith, G, Devika, K, Kumar, H & Prakash, G, (2012) Star rating road designs performance indicators for roads in India, 25th ARRB Conference, Perth, Australia.

Sabey, B (1980) Road safety and value for money. Supplementary Report, NO: 581 Transport and Road Research Laboratory (TRRL), Crowthorne, United Kingdom.

Schermers, G, Cardoso, J, Elvik, R, Weller, G, Dietze, M, Reurings, M, Azeredo, S, and Charman, S, (2011) Recommendations for the development and application of Evaluation Tools for road infrastructure safety management in the EU, Deliverables Nr 7 of the European Road Infrastructure Safety Management Evaluation Tools (RISMET) project, Eranet Roads, Leidschendam, Netherlands.

Stein, W and Neuman, T (2007) Mitigation Strategies for Design Exceptions, Report FHWA-SA-07-011, Federal Highways Administration, Washington D.C.

Stigson, H Krafft, M & Tingvall, C (2008) Use of Fatal Real-Life Crashes to Analyze a Safe Road Transport System Model, Including the Road User, the Vehicle, and the Road. Traffic Injury Prevention,9:5,463 – 471.

Theeuwes, J & Godthelp, H (1995), Self explaining roads, Journal of Safety Science, 19, 217-225.

Treat, J, 1980, A study of precrash factors involved in traffic accidents. HSRI Research Review, 10, 6 and 11, 1, PAGES: 1-35.

UNRSC (2010) Safe roads for development: A policy framework for safe infrastructure on major road transport networks. United Nations Road Safety Collaboration.

Wegman, F & Aarts, L (2006) Advancing Sustainable Safety: National Road Safety Outlook for 2005-2020, SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research, Leidschendam, The Netherlands.

Reference sources

No reference sources found.