4.8 Safe System Implementation
Progress in LMICs will depend heavily on substantial expert support to accelerate a ‘learning by doing’ approach. A key thread running throughout this manual is practical guidance concerning the implementation of the Safe System approach. A suggested path for road safety agencies in LMICs for moving from weak to stronger institutional capacity by implementing effective practice through demonstration programmes (or projects), is outlined in Road Safety Targets, Investment Strategies, Plans and Projects. The programmes should include area-based projects involving all relevant agencies and some national level policy reviews. This approach will support the production of steady improvement in road safety results from all agencies.
Development of a more complete understanding and uptake of a Safe System approach, after adoption as official policy by a country, will take time. It will rely upon a continuous improvement process that examines and implements options, often in innovative ways, to improve performance.
Pathway to Safe System Implementation
Understand what a Safe System would look like.
- Leadership is critical. Gain commitment from heads of agencies to the adoption and implementation of the Safe System approach.
- Adopt an aspiration for elimination of fatalities and serious injuries in the long-term (making crashes survivable, working towards zero) and identify what will be required to achieve this shift in thinking and its progressive implementation.
- Conduct a management capacity review and identify an investment plan based on a Safe System approach.
- Plan and design multi-sectoral Safe System demonstration projects. Focus on corridor action plans and selected national policy reviews with project management and expert assistance over some years (See Target and strategic Plans). Establish a multi-agency steering committee and a working group for the project with an agreed lead agency.
- Establish a reliable national crash data system.
- Continue capacity strengthening: Focus on developing institutional arrangements and the knowledge base of agencies around Safe System approaches to network safety. Determine what knowledge is needed to analyse current system safety shortcomings including policy limitations and identify priority interventions necessary to accelerate the shift towards a Safe System.
- For LMICs, implement the demonstration projects.
- Monitor, analyse and evaluate to establish what has been learnt from demonstration corridor projects, plan to extend demonstration project activity across the wider network and implement higher priority policy review findings.
- Implement extension of Safe System demonstration projects across the country, based on the Safe System principles being absorbed and adopted over time within the policies and approaches adopted by road safety agencies
- Expand agency project oversight roles to whole of country road safety responsibilities
- Benchmark performance against other similar countries.
- Extend knowledge development to regional and local governments and communities.
- Identify further enabling measures needed nationally, and further Safe System interventions to be introduced nationally, regionally or locally.
The following four case studies from New Zealand, Mexico, Paraguay and Slovania show how each country is improving road safety. New Zealand uses a safe systems approach with Mexico, Paraguay and Slovenia using the iRAP to assess the risk on the road network to allow for safety plan and programme development.
CASE STUDY - New Zealand: Safe System assessment framework
Road agencies in Australia and New Zealand have adopted the Safe System approach, and have been working to implement programmes consistent with achieving Safe System outcomes for more than a decade. Infrastructure needs to be planned, implemented and maintained to assist in meeting the objectives. This includes the need to assess whether infrastructure (whether planned or existing) is likely to meet Safe System objectives. Read more (PDF, 499 kb).
CASE STUDY - Mexico: Improving the safety of Mexico's Road Network
As part of one of the largest iRAP
assessments in the world, over 65,000km of road have now been assessed by SCT in Mexico include before and after star ratings across the whole country. The assessment included the carrying out of video-based road surveys integrated with asset and pavement management surveys, star rating the safety of the network to assess the likelihood and severity of crashes, producing a Safer Roads Investment Plan to allocate resources on countermeasures and “performance tracking” to assess changes in the star rating performance of the roads over time. Read more
(PDF, 699 kb).
CASE STUDY - Paraguay: The safety of the road network in Paraguay
Deaths and serious injuries have steadily been increasing in Paraguay, reaching more than 1,300 in year 2012. As part of the National Road Safety Plan 2008-2013, the Ministerio de Transportes y Obras Públicas (MTOP), with support from the Inter-American Development Bank, made the decision to carry out an assessment of 4,000kms of roads in order to understand the road safety situation of the national network and propose countermeasures to be implemented and improve the road safety conditions. Read more (PDF, 874 kb).
CASE STUDY - Slovenia: Safety ranking Slovenia's road network
AMZS (Slovenian motoring club) supported by Republika Slovenia Ministrstvo za Infrastrukturo in Prostor, the Slovenian Police service, DARS Povezujemo Slovenijo and Prometnotehniski Institut were committed to improving the safety of Slovenia’s road network. A large scale project was rolled out which involved risk mapping Slovenia’s roads, carrying out video-based road surveys, star rating the safety of the network to assess the potential for the likelihood and severity of crashes Read more (PDF, 612 kb).