12. Monitoring, analysis and Evaluation of Road Safety Interventions
Monitoring, analysis and evaluation are often overlooked, but are essential for the effective management of road safety.
Monitoring refers to the systematic collection of data regarding the performance of a road safety programme or intervention during or after its implementation. Analysis involves the study of data in order to interpret it and its parts, such as determining the contributing factors to crashes. Evaluation involves the analysis of this data to determine the effect of the treatment or program, or to compare locations.
There is a requirement to constantly monitor progress against road safety targets (intermediate and outcome).
There is also a need to monitor, analyse and evaluate the effectiveness of infrastructure interventions. There are currently many gaps in knowledge regarding the effectiveness of interventions, especially in LMICs.
Techniques and tools are available to help in this important task.