6. Road Safety Targets, Investment Strategies, Plans and Projects
Adoption of a Safe System goal for the long-term supported by short and medium-term quantitative targets provides the focus for achieving better performance.
Adoption of a road safety target, and strategies and actions which seek to deliver it, indicates that a country has recognised that it needs to respond to fatal and serious injury crashes occurring on its road network.
Meaningful target-setting requires competent data collection and analysis of risk using the collected data.
Intervention selection should be guided by evidence of its likely effectiveness, assessment of likely community and government support, and whether the country has capacity to implement it.
Absence of implemented policy or action (assuming awareness of the intervention) is often a clear indicator that there may be difficulty in introducing that action. A review of road safety management capacity and identification of gaps to be addressed is a critical first step.
Implementation also requires identifying what changes to current operating practices within agencies will be required, what impacts of actions on other policy areas will need to be addressed, and the level of capacity needed to achieve successful implementation progress.
Funding and implementation of a demonstration project to build capacity in LMICs is strongly recommended as a first step. This will enable later-stage target setting, strategy/action plan assembly and targeted outcome delivery to be achieved as successful demonstration project approaches are then rolled out across the country.
The demonstration project should treat a high-risk corridor with a complete range of interventions across the road safety agencies, review selected policies, establish project management arrangements and monitor outcomes to establish progress.
The demonstration project will develop capacities within agencies in LMICs (i.e. strong bureaucratic and political linkages; improved advocacy; strengthened road safety management, leadership and coordination; and extended technical knowledge).
Strategies for the later growth and consolidation investment phases should be evidence-based and actions should be data-driven.
It is recommended that time-limited targets for these investment phases be ambitious, but realistic. Substantial legislative actions will be an important vehicle to support policy change as part of medium-term strategy.